Clinical Dermatology is a complex branch of medicine that mainly revolves in the area of pathology but can also have many applications in the field of surgery.
Conventional areas of dermatology are related to inflammatory diseases of the skin such as dermatitis and psoriasis, with infectious diseases of bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitological etiology as well as with the large chapter involving benign and malignant skin tumors. Specific areas of paramount importance are dermatopathies associated with other internal medicine diseases (where the skin’s appearance may be a diagnostic key), skin diseases due to psychogenic causes, as well as the clinical skin manifestations that can be present with different age groups (infants, children, adolescents, elderly).
The more recent achievements in the field of dermatology encompass the autoimmune diseases (such as lupus, dermatomyositis and scleroderma). These can manifest relating to the skin exclusively or can present with systemic involvement of various organs including skin involvement. In addition, promising research material illuminates the relationship of dermatology with various genetic syndromes, which today, with the progress of genetic science, we have come to understand much better.
Apart from the classical dermatology, the agenda of our science also comprises venereology, a field including sexually transmitted diseases and sexual health. Furthermore, dermatology is enriched with the field of cosmetology with interventions of cosmetic and restorative nature.